Diabetes is a metabolic disease characterized by high blood sugar levels.
Beginning from 2014, around 387 million people from the entire world have diabetes problems.
Diabetes happens when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or the cells are actually not completely able to respond properly to the production of insulin. Diabetes can be juvenile diabetes from family history, but the most common diabetes type happens when the pancreas is not able to produce enough insulin for regulation of the blood sugar or the cells are not able to use the insulin properly.
Inactive lifestyle, obesity, aging, family history, history of gestational diabetes, high blood pressure, polycystic ovary syndrome, and abnormal triglyceride cholesterol and triglyceride levels are some of the most common risk factors for this kind of diabetes.
Diabetes is usually called a silent killer and the reason is because the symptoms are easy-to-miss. A lot of people actually are not aware that they have diabetes, because the early diabetes symptoms can seem harmless.
There are different risk factors that can cause to diabetes developing:
– Being physically inactive
– Following an unhealthy diet that contains a lot of red meat, processed foods, and unhealthy fats
Healthy food advice presents 10 early warning signs of diabetes:
1. Excessive urination
If you urinate an abnormal amount of urine you should consider it as a sign. It is medically known as polyuria.
If you have diabetes, excess sugar is going to be built up in your blood. You kidney will have to work harder in order to absorb and filter all the glucose.
2. Being constantly thirsty
Because of frequent urination, you body will become dehydrated, and you will feel thirsty constantly.
If you consume sugary beverages such as soda, juice, chocolate milk to in order to quench thirst, you will end up having more sugar in your body and this will make you even more thirst.
3. Hunger pangs
If a person suffers from diabetes, they can feel more hungry than before usual and you can eat more. The reason is because your body won’t be able to regulate glucose which is used as energy by your cells.
If the cells experience lack of glucose, the body is going to automatically seek for more sources of fuel and this will cause persistent hunger.
4. Wound that heal slowly
Scrapes and cuts will heal slowly. High blood sugar is going to harden the arteries and the blood vessels will become narrower than before. This is going to cause less blood flow and oxygen to the wounded area and that is why it will take more time for the time to heal.
5. Recurring infections
One of the most common infections sites among diabetic patients is the urinary tract and skin.
People with diabetes suffer from infections, and in some cases the infection can recur. This mostly happens because the immune system is weakened.
One study from 2012 that was published in the Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism says that people who have diabetes can develop more diseases.
6. Unexplained weight loss
Obesity can be a sign of diabetes, but shedding pounds even if you do not try can also mean you have the disease.
In this cases weight loss can happen for 2 reasons: excess water loss in your body because of frequent urination or your body is not able to absorb all calories from the sugar in your blood.
7. Fatigue and weakness
Fatigue is very common symptom of diabetes and it can interfere and disrupt different aspects of your everyday life.
Because of high blood glucose levels, your body is not able to give proper answer to the insulin and the cells won’t be able to absorb the blood glucose. As a result you will feel fatigue and weakness.
8. Numbness and tingling sensations
Having high blood sugar levels can restrict proper blood flow to your extremities and in the end it can damage the nerves. This can become very severe problem and interrupt the nerve fibers.
If you do not control the high sugar levels you can develop peripheral arterial disease and this happens because of poor circulation, or maybe diabetic peripheral neuropathy, because of the nerve damage. If you experience loss of sensation in the arms or tingling you should visit your doctor.
9. Itchy and dry skin
Because diabetes is the reason for poor circulation, the sweat glands can become dysfunctional and the result will be excessively dry skin.
Additionally your skin will become itchy as well. Along with dryness, your skin may become excessively itchy. This happens because of yeast infection, poor circulation and dry skin and tit mostly affects the lower leg parts.
In some cases diabetes might cause dark patches in the skin folds around your neck, armpits and groin area.
10. Fuzzy or blurry vision
In case your vision becomes suddenly blurry or if you have problem with focusing and not able to see details the reason can be high blood sugar levels.
The lenses in the eyes can swell up and this is going to affect on your ability to focus. When the blood sugar level comes back to normal the vision will come back.